Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition - Workman

Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition – Workman

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Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition – Workman

What: TEST BANK
ISBN: 1416029176
Year Published: 2011
Authors: Workman
Edition: 1st

Product Description

Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition – Workman

 

Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition – Workman

 

Sample

Chapter 10—Oral Dosage of Drugs

PROBLEM

Compute the amount of medication you will give to administer one dose of the following medication orders. Assume all tablets are scored, when necessary. The problems and drug orders are presented for practice only, and actual prescribed dosages will vary according to a patient’s age, condition, reaction, additional medications, and other factors.

1.

Order:

furosemide 80 mg p.o. b.i.d.

Supply:

Bottle containing 50 tablets of Lasix (furosemide), 80 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Comprehension REF: Tablets and Capsules

2.

Order:

tamoxifen 0.02 g p.o. b.i.d., morning and evening

Supply:

Nolvadex (tamoxifen) 20 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

1 g = 1,000 mg

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

3.

Order:

Depakene 375 mg p.o. b.i.d.

Supply:

Depakene 250 mg/5 mL

Give:

__________ mL or __________ teaspoons

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

4.

Order:

Amoxil 0.375 g p.o. q.8h

Supply:

80 mL bottle of reconstituted Amoxil oral suspension, 125 mg/5 mL

Give:

__________ mL or __________ tablespoon

ANS:

1,000 mg = 1 g

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

5.

Order:

cefalcor 0.3 g p.o. q.8h

Supply:

Celcor (cefalcor) reconstituted oral suspension, 375 mg per 5 mL

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

6.

Order:

erythromycin ethylsuccinate 800 mg p.o. q.12h

Supply:

E.E.S. 400 (erythromycin ethylsuccinate) 400 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

7.

Order:

Augmentin 0.5 g p.o. q.8h

Supply:

75 mL bottle or reconstituted Augmentin, 250 mg/5 mL

Give:

__________ mL or __________ teaspoons

ANS:

1 g = 1,000 mg

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

8.

Order:

Klonopin 500 mcg p.o. t.i.d.

Supply:

Bottle of 100 tablets of Klonopin, 0.5 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

9.

Order:

pediatric dose: Biaxin 100 mg p.o. q.12h

Supply:

100 mL of reconstituted Biaxin, 125 mg per 5 mL

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

10.

Order:

Axid 0.15 g p.o. b.i.d.

Supply:

Bottle containing 60 capsules of Axid, 150 mg per capsule

Give:

__________ capsule(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

11.

Order:

Prozac 40 mg p.o. b.i.d., morning and noon

Supply:

Prozac 20 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

12.

Order:

hydrochlorothiazide 50 mg p.o. b.i.d.

Supply:

hydrochlorothiazide 100 mg tablets

Give:

__________ tab(s)

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

13.Decide which supply you would select and enter the number of tablets you would give.

Order:

codeine gr  p.o. q.4h p.r.n., pain

Supply:

15 mg, 30 mg, and 60 mg tablets

Give:

Select __________ mg tablets, and give ___________ tablet(s).

ANS:

.

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

14.

Order:

Amoxil suspension 375 mg p.o. q.6h

Supply:

Amoxil suspension 250 mg/5mL

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

15.

Order:

Keflex 0.375 g p.o. b.i.d.

Supply:

Reconstituted Keflex oral suspension, 250 mg/5mL

Give:

__________ teaspoons

ANS:

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

16.

Order:

Allopurinol 0.2 g p.o. daily

Supply:

Bottle containing 200 tablets Zyloprim (Allopurinol) 100 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

1 g = 1,000 mg

X = 200

X = 2 tablets

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

17.

Order:

Mycostatin 400,000 units p.o. swish and swallow q.6h t.i.d.

Supply:

Bottle containing 473 mL Mycostatin oral suspension, 100,000 units per mL

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

X = 4 mL

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Oral Liquids

18.

Order:

Keflex 0.5 g p.o. b.i.d for 7 days

Supply:

Bottle containing Keflex 500 mg per capsule, 14 capsules

Give:

__________ capsule(s)

ANS:

1 g = 1,000 mg

X = 500 mg

X = 1 capsule

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Three-Step Approach to Dosage Calculations

19.

Order:

Tylenol 325 mg p.o. q.6h p.r.n.for temperature of 101°F or above

Supply:

Bottle containing 50 tablets of Tylenol 325 mg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

X = 1 tablet

PTS: 1 DIF: Comprehension REF: Tablets and Capsules

20.

Order:

Synthroid 12.5 mcg p.o. daily

Supply:

Bottle containing 100 scored tablets of Synthroid, 25 mcg per tablet

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

X = 0.5 tablet

PTS: 1 DIF: Comprehension REF: Tablets and Comprehension

21.

Order:

Potassium Chloride 30 mEq p.o. b.i.d

Supply:

Package containing 15 mL of Potassium Chloride Oral Solution 10%, 20 mEq per 15 mL.

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

X = 20 mL

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Oral Liquids

22.

Order:

Demerol syrup 100 mg p.o. q.6h p.r.n. pain

Label:

Demerol syrup 50 mg per 5 mL

Give:

__________ mL

ANS:

X = 10 mL

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Oral Liquids

23.

Order:

Lasix 80 mg p.o. daily

Supply:

Lasix 40 mg tablets

Give:

__________ tablet(s)

ANS:

X = 2

PTS: 1 DIF: Comprehension REF: Tablets and Capsules

24.Is there enough medication in a 15 mL package of Potassium Chloride Oral Solution 10%, 20 mEq per 15 mL, to fulfill an order of 20 mL? Explain.

ANS:

No, there is not enough medication in one package. The nurse would need to use some medication from another package too.

PTS: 1 DIF: Application REF: Oral Liquids

Understanding Pharmacology Essentials for Medication Safety 1st Edition – Workman

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